Knowing your hair type is essential. Not just to tell it, but also (and above all!) To choose a suitable shampoo.
- Do you know your hair type?
- 3 different hair types in men
- Normal hair
- Dry hair
- Oily hair
- Our selection of shampoos according to your hair type
Do you know your hair type?
Not all men have the same hair. The same type of hair, we should rather say. It may sound obvious, but it is by no means trivial. Because who says different types of hair means different and adapted care. A man with oily hair should not use the same shampoo as another man with dry hair…
But before knowing which product to choose, you still have to know how to recognize a particular type of hair … Here is a complete file as well as a selection of shampoos to help you see more clearly at the hair level.
3 different hair types in men
You should know that the type of hair depends primarily on your lifestyle : good general health, a balanced diet, sufficient sleep … Hereditary factors are also to be taken into account, as well as care that you bring to your hair, because the use of unsuitable shampoos will not do them any service, on the contrary.
The products that make up shampoos and treatments are really different from one hair type to another. Observe the labels of the products and choose them according to the category to which you belong.
Know that there are 3 main types of hair:
- normal hair;
- dry hair;
- Oily hair.
We are going to review these different types and provide you with concrete answers on this subject.
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If you are a man with normal hair, rejoice! It is a real chance to have this type of hair, it is the result of proper maintenance and, as we have just seen, of a healthy lifestyle. They are shiny, soft to the touch, disentangle and comb easily.
What you should avoid:
- Shampoos and care unsuitable for your hair type.
What we recommend:
- Keep up the momentum: healthy lifestyle, not too much tobacco or alcohol …
- Don’t hesitate to rub yourself with toning lotions for normal hair (once a week is fine).
- Before shampooing and not during, you can massage your scalp to facilitate the irrigation of the vessels.
Dry hair is caused by a lack of sebum. This plays a dual role, cosmetic and hygienic, in the beauty and health of the hair: it is one of the three vital functions of the hair.
Produced by the sebaceous gland, sebum must normally lubricate the hair and surround it with a protective microfilm, essential for its good shape. The insufficiency or lack of sebum (hypo seborrhea) weakens the scalp and promotes irritation. The keratin loses its elasticity; the hair becomes vulnerable, brittle and dull.
What you should avoid:
- Too frequent shampooing. However gentle they are, they remove the little sebum produced naturally.
- Cosmetic manipulations (permanent, coloring and dyeing) too often repeated.
- Too much sun, especially, if it is accompanied by sea or swimming pool baths: the combined action of infrared and salt (or chlorine from swimming pools) dehydrates the scalp and can seriously damage dry hair by nature.
What we recommend:
- Pre-shampoo creams, based on vegetable oils and collagen (to penetrate into the heart of the keratin). The whole nourishes the hair, without greasing it or weighing it down on the surface.
- For the shampoo, replace it, once in two, with one or two egg yolks (depending on the volume of the hair, and especially not the white!). Lecithin, a fatty substance of which the egg is composed, has the property of sucking up and retaining dust and impurities, without having to use a washing base. The natural sebum is thus totally protected. Rinse well with lukewarm water.
- Rinsing the hair immediately after swimming in the sea or swimming pool, without waiting for the end of the day.
- In food, a supply of essential fatty acids helps lubricate the hair and make it less dry. Particularly contain: walnut oil, grape seed oil, sunflower oil (cold pressed), cold sea fish, fish eggs, etc.
- Vitamin cures for dry hair: vitamin E and essential fatty acids.
On the scalp, the secretion of sebum is said to be excessive, when the sensation of having oily hair appears from the third day after shampooing. This is called seborrhea. The term hyper-seborrhea is reserved for oily hair from day one.
How do we recognize them?
The symptoms of oily hair can be at three different levels, from the mildest to the most concerning:
- At the first level, excess sebum makes the hair soft and heavy, difficult to comb. The disadvantage can be seen as aesthetically very disabling but it is not serious.
- Seborrhea can also lead to the formation of oily dandruff. Stuck in sebum, they remain stuck to the scalp, promoting the development of bacteria and itching.
- If you have a predisposition to lose your hair, seborrhea can contribute to the gradual thinning of your regrowth. Hidden part of the iceberg, this third symptom can only be identified by microscopic analysis of the hair, it is however the most worrying of the symptoms, since it acts on the renewal of the hair itself.
Why do we have oily hair?
Stagnant under the scalp instead of evacuating entirely to the outside, the overflow of sebum clogs the hair follicle, at the precise place where the hair’s reproductive cells are located. This infiltration generates toxins which will clump around the roots and hinder blood circulation. Asphyxiated, compressed, the roots then produce weaker hair. Seborrhea is not a trigger for androgentic alopecia, but it is certainly an aggravating factor.
Produced by the sebaceous glands, the secretion of sebum depends on androgens (genital and adrenal hormones), starting at puberty. This explains why an excess of sebum does not appear before adolescence.
This sebum production is genetically transmitted. However, heredity is not the only cause and seborrhea is often greatly amplified by several factors on which it is possible to act: stress, too rich food, poorly adapted hair maintenance, which stimulates sebaceous secretions, even when trying to moderate them (reaction seborrhea).
We are now going to give you some tips to help your scalp and your oily hair to moderate their sebum production.
What you should avoid:
- During shampooing: scalp massages, too hot water, too long shampooing and two successive washes. These are all local stimulants for the sebaceous glands.
- The dryer at high temperature and placed too close to the scalp: it artificially dries the skin and stimulates the secretion of sebum.
- So-called “anti-seborrhea” products, based on alcohol, which negatively modify the pH of the scalp.
- Brushes or combs with tight teeth: they propagate the migration of sebum along the lengths.
- Food rich in saturated fats: cold meats, fried foods, white bread, industrial sugars, fast food and excess alcohol … This type of food activates sebaceous secretions and promotes the formation of toxins, which can hamper the flow of blood to roots or cause dandruff and itching.
What we recommend:
- Frequent shampooing, that is, as many times a week as you feel the need. But the products you use must imperatively be ultra-soft and of neutral pH, in order to avoid the well-known “stimulus” effect (excitation of the sebaceous glands, as soon as the hair is dried).
- In case of oily hair at the roots and dry at the ends, try to “hold” one more day, so that the lengths are not in too frequent contact with a washing product. Does only one shampoo, use lukewarm water, make a final rinse with cold water?
- Cold water as the last shampoo rinse to prevent the excitement of your sebaceous glands.
- A quick scalp massage, twice a week, on non-wet hair, before (and not during) shampooing.
Be careful, massaging does not mean rubbing: the fingers should not skid but stay fixed on the place of the head where they are placed. The principle consists in making the skin of the scalp slide along the skull and not the fingers along the skin.
- The plants masks tannin, which cling to the hair by natural affinity, the tone and absorb sebum while leaving the scalp breathe. It is the best local remedy for oily hair.
- A diet rich in green vegetables and fresh fruits, which help eliminate sebaceous toxins.
- Anti oily hair vitamin cures: sulfur amino acids, zinc, and vitamin B6
Finally, if you have a hair loss problem, do not hesitate to have a diagnosis made by a specialized center.